SIGNAL Fellows
Dr. Ephraim Inbar

Dr. Ephraim Inbar is the director of the Begin-Sadaat Center for Strategic Studies at Bar Ilan University. He serves on the academic committee of the history department in the Israel Defense Forces, in addition to being President of the Israel Association of International Studies. Dr. Inbar has written numerous articles on Middle Eastern strategic issues with a focus on Israel and is the author of five books.

He is widely quoted in both the Israeli and international media.

Prof. Meron Medzini

Distinguished SIGNAL Fellow

Prof. Meron Medzini is an Adjunct Associate Professor in Political Science at the Rothberg International School of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is also an Associate Fellow at the Truman Peace Institute of the Hebrew University specializing in Israel’s relations with the nations of East Asia. Born in Jerusalem, after his military service in the Israeli Army, he was educated in the United States and received his BA degree from City College of New York, MA from Georgetown university and PH.D from Harvard University where he majored in the history of modern Japan and modern China. He began his teaching career in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1965 and also taught for many years at Tel Aviv University courses on modern Asia. He is the author of six books and some sixty of articles in academic publications in Israel and overseas. His book – Golda, A Political Biography, won the Israel Prime Minister Prize in 2010. Between 1962 and 1978 he was the director of the Israel Government Press Office and in that capacity was spokesman for Prime Ministers Levi Eshkol, Golda Meir and Yitzhak Rabin. He also lectured at the Israel Army National Defense College and Staff and Command College. Since 2012 he has lectured at many universities in China on Israeli foreign policy, the modern Middle East and China’s presence and policies in the Middle East.

Dr. Idan Avinoam

Senior Fellow

Dr. Idan is a political geographer. He teaches at the University of Haifa, Israel, and is a Senior Fellow with the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program at Johns Hopkins University in Washington DC. Prior to his academic work, he served for over thirty years in the Office of the Prime Minister of Israel, including seven years in the Israeli embassy in Moscow during the break-up of the Soviet Union. During this period, Dr. Idan was involved in the establishment of diplomatic relations between Israel and the states of Central Asia and the Caucasus.

Dr. Harold Rhode

Senior Fellow

Dr. Harold Rhode is a expert in Israel studies, Iran and Islamic culture from and Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Gatestone Institute. He served as the Turkish Desk Officer at the US Department of Defense, as Advisor on Islamic Affairs in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy at the Pentagon. He delivered a month-long series of lectures at SIGNAL’s ISPs.

Ceng Sagnic

Ceng Sagnic is coordinator of the Kurdish Studies Program and co-editor of Turkeyscope: Insights on Turkish Affairs at the Tel Aviv-based Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies (MDC). His research areas include the current militant trends in Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Yemen; and Kurdish nationalist movements across the Middle East. He is a member of the Islamic State (IS) and Iraq Forum; and the Forum on Kurdish Society, History and Politics at the MDC. Sagnic is a regular commentator for major regional and international media outlets. He speaks two dialects of Kurdish, Turkish, English, Arabic and Persian. He completed his B.A. in Iraqi Kurdistan, holds an M.A. degree from Ben- Gurion University of the Negev in Israel. Sagnic is currently writing his PhD dissertation on the emergence of modern Kurdish nationalist movements in Iran at Tel Aviv University.

Ram Levi


Ram Levi is a Cybersecurity Expert & Public Speaker and advisor to leading organizations on cybersecurity .

Ram is the Founder and CEO of Konfidas cybersecurity consulting firm; Co-founder and Director at London Cyber Security (LCS); the Cybersecurity advisor to the National Research and Development Council; member of the national committee for cybersecurity research and development; senior fellow at the Yuval Ne’eman Workshop for Science, Technology and Security, Tel Aviv University. In 2011 he served as Secretary of the Prime Minister’s National Cyber Initiative Task Force that spearheaded the government resolution on establishing the National Cyber Bureau. In 2010 he co-authored the national civilian space policy. Ram holds MA (Cum Laude) from the Tel Aviv University (thesis on Cyber attack of Space Systems), bachelor of the International Space University (ISU), holds a degree in Computer Science, and trained in the elite IDF “Mamram” Programming School. Ram retired with honors as Major of the Israel Intelligence Corps. He is particularly proud of having won the first place in the IDF gourmet-cooking contest.

Dr. Hay Eytan Cohen Yanarocak


Dr. Hay Eytan Cohen Yanarocak (Phd) is a researcher at the Moshe Dayan Center (MDC). He is the co-editor of Turkeyscope Insights on Turkish Affairs and serves as the Turkey analyst of MDC’s social media watch bulletin “Bee Hive”. In May 2015, he was awarded the Dan David Prize Scholarship in the category of “Past: Retrieving the past, historians and their sources.”

His areas of expertise are: contemporary Turkish politics, Turkish Foreign policy, Turkish national security policy, Turkish social media, Turkish education system, Turkish-Israeli relations and Kurds in Turkey.

David Horovitz

David Horovitz is the founding editor of The Times of Israel. He previously edited The Jerusalem Post and The Jerusalem Report. Horovitz is the author of Still Life with Bombers and A Little Too Close to God and the co-author of Shalom Friend: The Life and Legacy of Yitzhak Rabin.

Yaakov Kirschen

Yaakov Kirschen is an acclaimed cartoonist and SIGNAL Senior Fellow. He is best known for the award-winning cartoon strip Dry Bones, which has been published in the Jerusalem Post since 1973.

Jonathan Spyer

Jonathan Spyer is a senior research fellow at the Global Research in International Affairs Center in Herzliya, Israel, and a columnist a t the Jerusalem Post newspaper. He is the author of The Transforming Fire: The Rise of Israel-Islamist Conflict. He holds a PhD in International Relations from the London School of Economics.